1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
1771 - Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
1824 - Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
1863 - The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
1877 - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana – Zulu troops defeat British troops.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift – 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
1889 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
1890 - The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
1899 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1901 - Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1906 - SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
1917 - World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
1919 - Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1927 - First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
1931 - Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
1941 - World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1944 - World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle which is an assault on Anzio, Italy.
1946 - Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
1946 - Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1947 - KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
1952 - The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
1957 - Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
1957 - The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1959 - Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston City, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1962 - The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
1963 - The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
1968 - Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
1973 - The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
1973 - A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.
1984 - The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
1987 - Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
1990 - Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.
1991 - Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
1992 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
1992 - Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
1995 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre – In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
1999 - Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2002 - Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
2006 - Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.