1516 - The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
1521 - Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés.
1536 - Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
1553 - Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
1704 - War of the Spanish Succession: Battle of Blenheim – English and Austrians victorious over French and Bavarians.
1792 - Louis XVI of France is formally arrested by the National Tribunal, and declared an enemy of the people.
1814 - The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London.
1889 - German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"
1913 - Otto Witte, an acrobat, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
1913 - Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
1918 - Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
1918 - Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
1920 - Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated.
1937 - Battle of Shanghai begins.
1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain begins – the Luftwaffe launches a series of attacks on British fighter bases and radar installations.
1954 - Radio Pakistan broadcasts the National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time.
1960 - The Central African Republic declares independence from France.
1961 - The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants' attempts to escape to the West.
1968 - Alexandros Panagoulis attempts to assassinate the Greek dictator Colonel G. Papadopoulos in Varkiza, Athens.
1979 - The roof of the uncompleted Rosemont Horizon near Chicago, Illinois collapses, killing 5 workers and injuring 16.
1996 - Marc Dutroux, his wife Michelle Martin, and Michel Lelièvre are arrested on suspicion of kidnapping. All are found guilty on June 22, 2004, with sentences of life, 30, and 25 years, respectively.
1997 - South Park's first episode is aired.
2004 - Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
2004 - 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.
2008 - Michael Phelps sets the Olympic record for most the gold medals won by an indivdual in Olympic history with his win in the men's 200m butterfly.