Today: Monday - 22 January 2018
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United-States: Martin Luther King's Day

Events

1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
1771 - Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
1824 - Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
1863 - The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
1877 - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana – Zulu troops defeat British troops.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift – 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
1889 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
1890 - The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
1899 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1901 - Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1906 - SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
1917 - World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
1919 - Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1927 - First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
1931 - Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
1941 - World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1944 - World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle which is an assault on Anzio, Italy.
1946 - Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
1946 - Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1947 - KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
1952 - The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
1957 - Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
1957 - The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1959 - Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston City, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1962 - The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
1963 - The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
1968 - Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
1973 - The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
1973 - A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.
1984 - The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
1987 - Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
1990 - Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.
1991 - Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
1992 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
1992 - Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
1995 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre – In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
1999 - Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2002 - Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
2006 - Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.

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2018

1 JanuaryNew Year's Day
14 MarchNight of the Journey and Ascension
1 MayLabour Day
15 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Eid El Fitr)
16 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Eid El Fitr)
17 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Eid El Fitr)
27 JuneIndependence Day
21 AugustSacrifice Feast (Eid El Adha)
22 AugustSacrifice Feast (Eid El Adha)
23 AugustSacrifice Feast (Eid El Adha)
11 SeptemberIslamic New Year (El am Hejir)
6 DecemberBirth of the Prophet (Mouloud)
25 DecemberChristmas
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Republic of Djibouti
République de Djibouti, جمهورية جيبوتي
Republic of Djibouti - FlagRepublic of Djibouti - Coat of arms
Republic of Djibouti - Location
Capital: Djibouti
Official languages: Arabic, French
Government: Republic
Currency: Djibouti Franc (DJF)
Population: 506 221
Area: 23 200 km²
Religion: Islam
Time Zone: UTC +3
Auto Code: DJI
Internet TLD: .dj
Calling code: +253
Corporate Income Tax: 25%
Personal Income Tax: 30#
Value Added Tax: 7%
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