Today: Friday - 3 February 2023
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Today Holidays
Mozambique: Heroes Day
Guinea: Day of Mourning
Honduras: Suyapa Day

Events

1112 - Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
1377 - more than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath).
1451 - Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1488 - Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
1509 - The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1637 - Tulip mania collapses in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands) by government order.
1690 - The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
1706 - During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
1783 - American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
1787 - Shays' Rebellion is crushed.
1807 - A British military force, under Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now the capital of Uruguay.
1809 - The Illinois Territory is created.
1830 - The sovereignty of Greece is confirmed in a London Protocol.
1834 - Wake Forest University is established.
1867 - Emperor Meiji becomes the 122nd emperor of Japan.
1870 - The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of race.
1900 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
1908 - Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
1913 - The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.
1916 - Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
1917 - World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the former announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 - The Twin Peaks Tunnel in San Francisco, California begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
1930 - The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
1931 - The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258.
1944 - World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
1945 - World War II: The Soviet Union agrees to enter the Pacific Theatre conflict against Japan.
1945 - World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17's of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin.
1947 - The lowest temperature in North America is recorded in Snag, Yukon.
1957 - Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS).
1958 - Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
1959 - A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson and the incident becomes known as The Day the Music Died.
1966 - The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
1967 - Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
1969 - In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
1971 - New York Police Officer Frank Serpico is shot during a drug bust in Brooklyn and survives to later testify against police corruption. Many believe the incident proves that NYPD officers tried to kill him.
1984 - Dr. John Buster and the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announce history's first embryo transfer, from one women to another resulting in a live birth.
1984 - Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – astronauts, Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered spacewalks using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.
1988 - Iran-Contra Affair: The United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan's request for $36.25 million to aid Nicaraguan Contras.
1989 - After a stroke, P.W. Botha resigns party leadership and the presidency of South Africa.
1989 - A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
1991 - The Italian Communist Party dissolves and splits into the Democratic Party of the Left and the Communist Refoundation Party.
1996 - The Lijiang earthquake in Lijiang, Yunnan, China.
1998 - Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
1998 - Cavalese cable-car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
1999 - In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal is revived.
2007 - A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.

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2023

7 JanuaryChristmas
19 JanuaryEpiphany (Timkat)
2 MarchVictory Day
14 AprilGood Friday (Siklet)
20 AprilEnd of Ramadan (Eid El Fitr)
1 MayLabour Day
5 MayPatriots' Day
28 MayEnd of the Military Regime
26 JuneSacrifice Feast (Eid El Adha)
11 SeptemberNew Year's Day (Enkutatash)
27 SeptemberFinding of the True Cross (Meskel)
12 OctoberBirth of the Prophet (Mawlid al-Nabi)
Seychelles  |  Sudan  |  Tunisia  |  Uganda  |  Côte d'Ivoire  |  Bangladesh  |  China  |  Israel  |  Cambodia  |  North Korea  |  Kuwait  |  Mongolia  |  France  |  Spain  |  Latvia  |  Macedonia  |  Germany  |  Azerbaijan  |  Kiribati  |  Niger  |  Guam  |  Tonga  |  Vanuatu  |  Guinea  |  Guinea-Bissau  |  Cameroon  |  Morocco  |  Namibia  |  Ecuador  |  Honduras
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - FlagFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - Coat of arms
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - Location
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official languages: Amharic
Government: Federal Parliamentary republic
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
Population: 78 254 000
Area: 1 127 127 km²
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (35%), Islam (45%), Ethnic religion (12%), other (8%)
Time Zone: UTC +3
Auto Code: ETH
Internet TLD: .et
Calling code: +251
Corporate Income Tax: 30%
Personal Income Tax: 10-40%
Value Added Tax: 15%
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